Scientific research activities of "SNPP" Buyratau" continued on the basis of the" Plan of scientific research works of RSU "SNPP" Buyratau" for 2017-2021, agreed with the Science Committee of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan (No. 852-1613 / 16-4, 3.11. 2016) and approved by the order of the Committee for Forestry and Wildlife of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan (No. 252, 12.11.2016) and, also, according to the rules for organizing and conducting scientific activities and scientific research in environmental institutions, approved by order of the Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan (13.03 .2012, No. 94).
All five planned research projects are being carried out in the national park, including the Chronicle of Nature:
“The current state of the theriofauna of the Buyratau SNNP and its protected zone (assessment of the species composition and dynamics of population size, identification of migration routes)” - Deputy General Director for Science Mizembaev E.T. and ch. hunting expert - biologist Sagaliev N.A.
“The avifauna of the RSU“ SNPP “Buyratau” and the buffer zone, continuing - the executor, researcher D.M. Zhakina and chief game biologist Makukhin M.V.
"Assessment of the state and structure of populations of endemic plants of the flora of the Buyratau State Scientific Research Enterprise" - performer senior researcher FM Ismailova
"Assessment of the species composition and the current state of populations of medicinal plant species of the State Scientific and Production Enterprise" Buyratau "- performer Professor of the Department of Botany of KSU Ishmuratova M.Yu., Ph.D.
"Chronicle of Nature" SNPP "Buyratau" (observation and registration of all phenomena and processes occurring in the natural complexes of the park and its buffer zone) - by the staff of the Science Department; was previously performed, is being performed and will be performed continuously.
Working with third parties.
State National Natural Park "Buyratau" is one of the youngest national parks in Kazakhstan. In the early years of the park's operation, most of its employees did not have practical experience and professionalism to work in the system of environmental protection, science, tourism, and great help in improving their qualifications and methodological knowledge was provided and is being provided by the Karkaralinsky and Bayanaul SNPP, Korgalzhinsky, Naurzumsky and Karatau Gas Processing Plant, State Scientific Production Enterprise "Kokshetau", with which the National Park "Buyratau" began to actively cooperate and continues to cooperate to this day.
Since 2012, between RSU "SNPP" Buyratau "and RSE KarSU named after academician E.A. Buketov, since 2014 between the PI "Karaganda University" Bolashak ", in agreement with the Committee for Forestry and Wildlife of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 3-5 summer Agreements on scientific and professional cooperation have been concluded, in 2017 and 2018 agreements with the KarSU named after E. A. Buketov and ChU "Academy" Bolashak "resumed for 5 years. Also, in 2020, a cooperation agreement with KazNAU "Kazakh National Agrarian University" was renewed.
The main objectives of these Agreements are:
1. Mutual cooperation, in order to support the research and educational activities of the parties, aimed at obtaining information.
2. Increasing the level of training of specialists, students, undergraduates and postgraduates; organization of educational and scientific activities of students.
3. Equal and mutually beneficial cooperation in the field of training qualified personnel for the implementation of the Concept for the transition of the Republic of Kazakhstan to a "green economy".
The main forms of cooperation are - individual projects, research, field student practice, preparation of term papers, diploma and dissertations in accordance with the internal work plans of the parties; conducting joint seminars, conferences, round tables and other forms of activity.
The priority areas of research carried out within the framework of this cooperation are - the study of processes and phenomena in natural complexes, the development of new forms of environmental education and educational tourism.
The parties do not bear financial obligations under this Agreement.
The ONM Park specialists have contacts and business cooperation with the Ecological and Educational Center “Tabigat Alemi”, with the Project of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan / GEF / UNDP “Conservation and Sustainable Management of Steppe Ecosystems”.
A large free methodological and practical assistance in the study of the flora of the State Research and Production Enterprise “Buyratau” was provided by the expedition group under the leadership of Doctor of Biological Sciences. Professor Kupriyanov A.N. (Institute of Human Ecology SORAN), who conducted research in the park in the period 05.05.2012 to 09.05.2012 and 02.07.2012 to 07.07.2012 During the study in 2013, rare and endangered plant species were identified, located on the territory of the national natural park "Buyratau", also, the place of growth of the Red Data Book species of plants.
Research staff of the park (ONM) in the course of their activities maintain business contacts, also, with specialists from the Institutes of Zoology and Botany of the KN MES RK.
Qualitative composition of the scientific and technical council and scientific department.
For the purpose of development, coordination, analysis and planning of current and future activities in the State Scientific and Production Enterprise "Buyratau" (since its inception, the Scientific and Technical Council of the Scientific and Technical Council has been operating), functioning on the basis of the Regulations on the Scientific and Technical Council of the RSU SNPP "Buyratau"
The council includes: the management of the park, including directors of branches, heads of departments, researchers, a lawyer, a chief game manager - a biologist, foresters, a forest engineer.
All members of the NTS have higher education corresponding to the profile of work.
Scientific department within the NTS:
1. Ismailova F.M. - senior researcher, state inspector, higher, biologist.
2.Zhakina D.M. - researcher, state inspector, higher education, geographer.
3.Tulegenova A.T. - junior researcher, state inspector, higher, ecologist.
Conducting meetings of the NTS (number, what issues were considered, decisions taken).
Up to 6 meetings of the Scientific and Technical Council are held annually in the SNPP "Buyratau", 6 meetings were held in 2020 (6 are planned). The purpose of the meetings of the Scientific and Technical Council is: planning, coordination, control, prospects of the activities of all departments as the definition of a unified scientific and technical policy of the park at the current level.
At the meetings, decisions were discussed and decisions were made on all the main directions and activities of the park - security, science, tourism, environmental education and other issues on all problems that arise in the course of the current work of the park.
The main questions and topics covered are:
Discussion and approval of annual plans of the park and its departments.
Discussion and approval of annual reports on the general activities of the park, on research topics, on the "Chronicle of Nature".
Distribution of sections of maintenance and registration of the Chronicle of the Nature of the Park between specific performers.
Issues were discussed and decisions were made on the preparation of environmental work, fire-fighting measures, the production of records of objects of the flora and fauna of the park, training and certification of security inspectors (deadlines, work plans were approved).
On the production of biotechnical measures in the current year, drawing up final reports on research topics (the scope of work is specifically determined, the deadlines are set).
They discussed issues on tourism activities, on holding a march of parks, propaganda work (specific decisions were made).
Keeping the Chronicle of Nature.
The Chronicle of Nature is an integral part of the unified state system for monitoring the environment and natural resources and is an annual collection and comparative analysis of data on the state and changes in natural processes in a specially protected natural area over a sufficiently long period.
It has been underway since the establishment of the environmental institution and is a mandatory research work.
The basis for the comparative analysis of the data of the Chronicle of Nature is the materials of the natural science substantiation of the creation or expansion of protected areas, forest management and inventory materials, materials of comprehensive scientific research on the initial (basic) state of the ecological systems of protected areas.
The purpose of the Chronicle of Nature is to study the dynamics of the development of natural processes in order to assess the state of natural-territorial complexes of a specially protected natural area (hereinafter - SPNA) and preserve them in their natural state.
The objectives of the Chronicle of Nature are:
1) collection and analysis of information on the state and dynamics of development of natural processes on the territory of protected areas and the protected zone in a natural state and under the influence of natural and anthropogenic factors;
2) assessment and conclusions on the state and change of natural-territorial complexes of protected areas;
3) preparation of recommendations for the elimination or prevention of negative anthropogenic factors, the preservation of natural-territorial complexes of protected areas and objects of the state natural reserve fund in their natural state.
An important indicator in the management of the Chronicle of Nature is the analysis of long-term observation series, comparison of the indicators of the reporting year with the long-term average and its extreme values.
The Chronicle of Nature is maintained by specialists from the Science and Monitoring Department with the involvement of state park inspectors.
The collection of primary material for the "Chronicle of Nature" is carried out by the state. inspectors of the park's protection, all keep diaries of phenological observations, which are submitted to the scientific department for cameral processing by the end of the phenological year (by the beginning of March).
Samples of diaries were developed by the park's researchers in accordance with the Methodological Guidelines for Maintaining the Chronicle of Nature in specially protected natural areas with the status of a legal entity (approved by order of the Department of Agriculture of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 156 dated April 18, 2007). Theoretical and practical classes (seminars) are held with park inspectors twice a year.
To solve the set tasks for research work, the behavior of the Chronicle of Nature, permanent routes for observing animals and areas for studying the floristic composition have been laid.
The collection of data on the monitoring of natural processes, inventory of fauna and flora on the territory of "SNPP" Buyratau "is carried out on the basis of the" Methodological guidelines for maintaining the "Chronicle of nature" in protected areas.
As in previous years, based on the accumulated experience of practical work, in 2020 the execution of the sections of the Chronicle of Nature by specific persons, researchers and specialists of the park was carried out on the basis of the decision of the NTS.
Since the establishment of the park, based on the results of research, 9 annual and one five-year volumes of "Chronicles of Nature" by the State Scientific and Production Enterprise "Buyratau" have been issued.
Conducting scientific seminars and meetings, participation in conferences.
Over the entire period of the park's existence, its employees, mainly the scientific department, took part in all conferences, scientific meetings, from the organizers of which they received an invitation. Materials were sent for publication, direct participation was taken with visits and presentations with reports, etc.
In 2020, 5 scientific articles were published based on scientific materials collected on the territory of the park, by its researchers and in co-authorship (scientific cooperation agreements).
1. Ismailova F.M. "Analysis of a comprehensive long-term study of the flora" SNPP "Buyratau". // Materials int. scientific. magazine "Actual problems of our time №1 (27)". Karagandy Bolashak-Baspa, 2020, 204-209.
2. Minakov A.I., Shariyazdanova A.G. "Modern dynamics of the little bustard population (Otis tetrax) on the lowland - low-hills and low-mountain landscapes of the Buyratau State Research and Production Enterprise". // Materials int. scientific. magazine "Actual problems of our time №1 (27)". Karagandy Bolashak-Baspa, 2020, p. 218-221.
3. Minakov A.I. "The predatory role of the fox in the ecosystems of specially protected natural areas (SPNA)". // Materials int. scientific. magazine "Actual problems of our time №1 (27)". Karagandy Bolashak-Baspa, 2020. C 221-225.
4. Ismailova F.M. "Plants of the State National Natural Park" Buyratau "listed in the Red Book". // Materials int. scientific. magazine "Actual problems of our time №2 (28)". Karagandy Bolashak-Baspa, 2020, p. 163-166.
5. Ishmuratova M. Yu., Ismailova F.M. "Drawing up a calendar for the collection of medicinal plants of the State National Natural Park" Buyratau ". // Materials int. Scientific. Magazine" Actual problems of our time №2 (28) ". Karagandy Bolashak-Baspa, 2020, p . 166-171.