Fauna of the National Park "Buyratau"
The fauna of the National Park "Buiratau" is represented by 5 classes - Bony fish (Osteichthyes), Amphibians (Amphibia), Reptiles (Reptilia), Birds (Aves) and Mammals (Mammalia).
The information provided is compiled from literature and our own research and visual observations.
Osteichthyes class - Bony fish
The ichthyofauna of the SNPP Buyratau is very poor. This is due to the fact that its territory as a whole is characterized by a larger number of closed basins, mainly with shallow salt and brackish lakes. The largest are Lake Bozaigyr (44 hectares) and Lake Azhbai (55 hectares). There is no information in the literature on the fish of the park's lakes. At present, the habitat of fish has been established only in the lake. Azhbay, in which the water, in terms of chemical composition and content of biogenic elements, is suitable for aquatic life. In the lake. At present, only the goldfish - Carassius quzatus (Linnaeus, 1758) and the common carp (carp) - cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758) live in Azhbai. Crucian carp is an aboriginal species, carp is the result of introduction.
Class Amphibia - Amphibians
Amphibians in the "SNPP" Buyratau "are represented by two types. These are: the green toad - Bufoviridis (Laurenti, 1768) and the sharp-faced frog - Ronaarvalis (Nilsson, 1842). Both species are sporadically distributed. They are found in temporary and permanent water bodies and on their coasts, in various watercourses, and are small everywhere.
Class Reptilia - Reptiles
Three species of reptiles were found on the territory of the National Park "Buyratau". The fast lizard Lacerta agilis (Linnaeus, 1758) is widespread in forest, forest-steppe, steppe biotopes; the steppe viper, Vipera ursine (Bonaparte, 1835), also lives there. In humid areas, closer to water, there is an ordinary snake - Natrix natrix (Linnaeus, 1758). The number of the quick lizard in the park is high, the steppe viper and the common one are already common, but not numerous.
Class Aves - Birds
The avifauna of the national park is represented by birds of the steppe, shrub, forest and wetland ornithological complexes. Situated in the central part of the Central Kazakhstan flat-lowland country, it creates a favorable biotope for many bird species. Its composition is determined by the main landscapes prevailing in this region, as well as the ranges of individual bird species, among which, along with widespread inhabitants of open spaces.
According to the research results in 2020, 5 new bird species were visually identified and identified in the Buyratau National Park and its protective zone, at the moment there are 160 bird species in the Buyratau National Park, of which 20 are listed in the Red Book of Kazakhstan ( discovered 1 new species).
Class Mammalia - Mammals
Special zoological studies, the study of theriofauna in the Yereymentau mountain range were episodic, only some individual species were not poorly studied - the North Kazakhstan mountain sheep (Ovis ammon), the steppe marmot - the bobak (Marmota bobak). Of the mammals listed in the Red Data Book of the Republic, the only species inhabiting the park is argali. The IUCN list also includes - pond bat (Myotis dasycneme), ermine (Mustela ermenia), steppe polecat (Mustela eversmani), corsac (Vulpes corsac), lynx (Lynx lynx) steppe mouse (Sicista subtilis), steppe pestle (Lag lagurus) and steppe pika (Ochotona pusilla).
To date, based on the analysis of literary information and our research, the taxonomic list of mammals "SNPP" Buyratau "consists of 55 species, representatives of 6 orders: Insectivora - Order Insectivores, Chiroptera - Order Bats, Carnivora - Order Predatory, Artiodactyla - Order Artiodactyls, Rodentia - Order Rodents, Lagomorpha - Order Hare-like.
Red Data Book species of animals "SNPP" Buyratau "
The following species of animals from the Red Data Book are found in the park (see the table indicating the nature of their stay in the park):
Lesser White-fronted Goose
Eagle - dwarf
Eagle - burial ground